In a new building, insulation is an important concern. Naturally, it could wear out over time, leaving an obligation to replace it eventually. The proper insulation is one option one should consider for saving hundreds in the long run. With it, one does not have to run the heat or air conditioning (A/C) as much, which in turn leads to lower energy bills. Many options exist for those looking to keep warm or cool, and all have their benefits, but also drawbacks.
Spray Foam Insulation
Spray foam insulation involves the spraying of a mixture of non-toxic materials. The materials are versatile, in that they expand to fill any space when sprayed throughout the building. It also creates a better air quality, acting as a barrier against germs and bacteria, and by keeping dust and pollen from entering. Spray foam also keeps moisture out, preventing mold or fungi. It is permanent, meaning that it will not sag, shrink, or lose its form.
Fiberglass is the most common insulation used in structures. Soft and fluffy, it comes in various forms, such as rolls, batts, blankets, or a loose fill, which is poured or blown into the surface. While it does not rot and is nonflammable, fiberglass is also not water resistant and absorbs moisture, making it unfeasible in damp or wet locations.
This form of insulation is exceptionally green-friendly, as it is made from recycled newsprint. This makes it a cheaper alternative to other forms offered. As a result, it became extremely popular in the 1970s during the energy crisis, and again during the recent green movement. Another benefit to cellulose is that it can protect a home or business during a fire, as it is slower to burn.
Like the name suggests, mineral wool comes from natural or synthetic minerals. It has many advantages over products like fiberglass; it will not rot, burn, or melt, and does not absorb moisture, mold or mildew. Like cellulose, it also contains mostly recycled materials, making it environmentally-friendly.
This type of material is actually made from foam, and comes in three different types - polystyrene, bead board, and polyisocyanurate. While all three are highly durable and versatile, they are also prone to ants, so spraying with insecticide may come in handy to prevent any bugs from nesting.